英语国家社会与文化入门考研教材练习题库

 新闻资讯     |      2020-08-02 03:58

1. Who were the ancestors of the English and the founders of England?[北二外2008研]

【解析】盎格鲁-撒克逊人是日耳曼民族的分支,于五世纪中期由北欧入侵大不列颠,成为现今英格兰人的祖先。

2. Which of the following was the man who crushed various rebellions in Ireland and settled English and Scottish Protestants there by giving them land?[北京交大2005研;首都师范大学2008研]

【解析】克伦威尔,英国政治家、军事家、宗教领袖;他粉碎了爱尔兰的多次反叛,并将土地分给英格兰和苏格兰新教徒。

3. In which of the following years did Julius Caesar invade Britain?[首都师范大学2009研]

【解析】Julius Caesar凯撒,罗马共和国末期独裁统治者、政治家、军事统帅;他于公元前55年入侵英国。

4. Which of the following peoples were the ancestors of the Welsh?[首都师范大学2009研]

5. The Church of England founded by Henry Ⅷ was named in England as _____.[中山大学2009研]

【解析】亨利八世,英国都铎王朝第二任国王;因教皇不同意其离婚的要求,亨利八世在英国推行宗教改革,脱离罗马天主教廷,引进新教,建立了英国国教(the Church of England),也被称为圣公会(Anglican Church);宗教改革使英国王权得到高度集中。

6. Christianity was first introduced into Britain by _____.[北京交大2007研;对外经贸2003]

7. Three of the following are the main activities of the City of London. Which is the exception?[北京交大2006研]

【解析】伦敦是世界最重要的金融中心之一;主要活动包括买卖商品,为商业投资提供服务和资金以及股票交易。选项A不包含在内,为正确答案。

8. Britain doesn’t share any land border with any other countries except _____.

【解析】英国位于大不列颠群岛,被北海、英吉利海峡、凯尔特海、爱尔兰海和大西洋包围,仅与同属大不列颠群岛的爱尔兰共和国接壤。

9. As King Alfred was not able to drive the Danes out of England, he made a treaty with them, allowing them to keep the northern and eastern parts of England, which later became known as _____.

【解析】阿尔弗雷德同丹麦人签订协议,允许丹麦人治理英格兰东北地区,这部分地区后来被称为“丹麦区”,选A。B、C项为昂格鲁撒克逊七国时期的两个国家。D项为法国诺曼底。